The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) recorded May 2016 as the warmest May the globe has ever recorded, making the month the 13th consecutive record warmest month. In fact, there is a 99% chance that 2016 will be the hottest year so far despite the demise of record strongest El Niños. So far, every month of this year has been record warm.
In the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) report, the temperature of May over the surface of the Earth was 0.87° Celsius above the average of the 20th century. This beat the record of 0.02° Celsius set in May 2015. NOAA stressed that this 13-month streak is the longest streak of month in a row. NOAA also revealed that many parts of the world experienced well above the average warmth of May and the record warmth was experienced by northern Australia, the Caribbean, eastern Australia, Central America, the Middle East, some parts of northern South America, and most parts of Southeast Asia. However, temperatures were cooler in southern Greenland, southern South America, central United States, central Asia, and some parts of Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
The Goddard Institute for Space Studies of NASA also confirmed that May 2016 is the warmest May ever recorded. It was further recorded that the top three warmest Mays occurred in the last three years. Global temperature in May 2016 was 0.93° Celsius above the average of 1951 to 1980 beating the 0.07° Celsius record set in May 2014. This record also marked the eighth consecutive month in NASA's data. According to NASA, every month from October 2015 to April 2016 had a departure of nothing less than 1° Celsius above 1951 to 1980 although, at 0.93° Celsius, May fell just short of this mark. With the previous colder-than-average month being July 1985, May 2016 also continued a stretch of 370 consecutive warmer-than-average months.
According to meteorologists, this increase in temperature is as a result of human emission of carbon dioxide concentration in the atmosphere. Richard Betts of UK’s University of Exeter stressed that the record carbon dioxide rise this year is because human emissions are now 25% higher than the last big El Niño of 1997/98.
David Carlson from the World Climate Research Program concluded that abnormal is the new normal. Statistics show that Alaska experienced its warmest spring by a wide margin while Finland experienced a temperature that is 3° to 5° Celsius higher than usual at this time of year. All told, this record was broken in 20 observation stations in the world.